The National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) (2010-2012) is the third effort to track all the HIV/AIDS spending in Zambia from all sources (excluding out-of-pocket) and across all sectors. The first NASA was undertaken for the years 2005 and 2006. For the years 2007 to 2009, the Public Expenditure Tracking (PETS) approach was applied1. The NASA provides an in depth examination of the HIV/AIDS by detailed categories of activities, providers of services and the beneficiaries. NASA applies a standardised and comprehensive methodology for collecting, coding and analysing of HIV expenditure. It allows countries to understand if they are allocating funds according to their priorities and for the greatest investment in terms of impact.

The Corridors of Hope III/FHI360 with funding from USAID/PEPFAR implemented (September 2009-October 2015) a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy in 10 border and transit selected districts in Zambia to reduce sexual transmission of HIV among most at risk populations including FSWs and their clients residing in or passing through border towns. The strategies included HIV testing and counselling, behaviour change through outreach and peer education, improved management of STIs, social marketing of condoms and family planning. The 2015 integrated Bio-Behavioural Surveillance Survey (IBBSS) among FSWs and Behavioural Surveillance Survey (BSS) among LDTDs were carried out to measure the outcomes of these prevention interventions efforts among FSWs and LDTDs

2013-14 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) is a national sample survey designed to provide up-to-date information on background characteristics of the respondents, fertility levels, nuptiality, sexual activity, fertility preferences, awareness and use of family planning methods, breastfeeding practices, nutritional status of mothers and young children, early childhood mortality and maternal mortality, maternal and child health, awareness and behaviours regarding HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS and other STIs. The target groups were men age 15-59and women age 15-49 in randomly selected households across Zambia. Information about children age 0-5 was also collected, including data on weight and height. The survey collected blood samples for HIV testing in order to determine national and provincial prevalence and incidence rates.

This report therefore, provides highlights on activities undertaken by NAC from January to June 2013 and is in line with the National Strategic Framework (NASF) results areas and their expected outputs